Jawa Tengah

Capital CitySemarang
Population 2010 (thousand)32,382.70
Provincial GDP 2010 (million Rp)444,666
Area Total 2010 (km2)32,800.69
Total Forest Land Area 2010 (ha)23,136
Emissions Per Capita 2010 (tCO2e/capita)1.33
Emissions Intensity 2010 (tCO2e/million Rp)96.5
Central Java 2020 Emission Target Reduction Achieved
4.59%
Emissions Profile
2020 Projections
Reductions
Mitigation Activities Description
Mitigation Activities: Agriculture and Forestry

Agriculture:
1. SRI (System of Rice Intensification)
2. Control use of chemical fertilizers
3. Increased use of organic fertilizer and biomass
4. Regulation in irrigation techniques
5. Development of low-emission rice varieties
6. Use of inorganic alternative fertilizers and herbicides
7. Biogas from livestock waste
8. Use of agriculture waste and local livestock food waste
9. Use of local probiotic and supplements
10. Development of long-term cattle breeding

Forestry:
1. Rehabilitation of forests and degraded lands, reclamation of forests in prioritized watersheds (rehabilitation of mangrove, facilitation of urban forests, of seeds aid)
2. Control of forestry development, Administration, Protection, Security, Control, and Enforcement in forest products
3. Management of community based forest resources
4. Development of non-timber forest products
5. Development of forest environmental services
6. Development of people's forests (hutan rakyat),protection forests(hutan lindung), and production forests(hutan produksi)in a sustainable way
7. Management of conservation areas 8. Reclamation of post-mining lands

Mitigation Activities: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Energy:
1. Energy audit
2. Substitution to energy-saving household equipments
3. Biofuel processing
4. Development of waste-based biogas,and livestock-based biogas
5. Increased gas pipe connections
6. Development of Geothermal Power Plant and Hydro Power Plant/Micro-Hydro Power Plant

Transport:
1. ITS (Intelligent Transport System)
2. Traffic Impact Control
3. Parking Management
4. BRT (Bus Rapid Transit)
5. Rejuvenation of public transportation
6. Smart Driving
7. Pedestrian lanes and Bicycle lanes
8. Alternative fuels
9. Application of motorized vehicles emission test
10. Planting shade trees
11. Construction, routine maintenance, and upgrading of roads

Industry:
1. Facilitation of clinker ratio reduction in cement
2. Use of technology to lower carbonate ratio
3. Increased recycle ratio on glass industry
4. Carbon captured in iron and steel production
5. Facilitation and increased incentives to promote low carbon technologies
6. Elimination of ozone depleting substances

Mitigation Activities: Waste

1. Rehabilitation of landfill facilities to sanitary landfill (SLF) system and controlled landfill (CLF) system; discontinuation of open dumping landfill system
2. Use of landfill gas as an alternative energy source
3. Construction of composting facilities
4. Development of Integrated Waste Disposal Sites (Tempat Pengolahan Sampah Terpadu), 3Rs principle (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) in garbage management
5. Development of Recycling Facility for Plastic Waste
6. Installation of Wastewater treatment plant(Instalasi Pengelolaan Air Limbah)in domestic cities
7. Development of communal sanitation facilities (construction of biogas digester)
8. Faecal Sludge Treatment Installation(Instalasi Pengolahan Lumpur Tinja)
9. Biogas small industry
10. Utilization of industrial waste
11. Development of eco-sanitation

RPJMD Description
RPJMD Period 2013-2018
Supportive Mission Statement in RPJMD Mission 7: To improve infrastructure in order to accelerate sustainable development of Central Java with target (6) achieved sustainable development.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry

Strategy: Increased diversification and consumption of local resources; Protection of farmers and farmland and control of agricultural land conversion; Increased application of research and development of science and technology and innovation; Improved implementation of watershed-based spatial planning; Increased green open space; Improved handling of critical land and damage to coastal areas; Improved quality of carrying capacity and environmental capacity.

Policy direction: Strengthening and managing the use of space; Increase stakeholders understanding and awareness of the functions and benefits of watershed-based spatial planning as a first step towards imposing sanctions in law enforcement; Improve the management and distribution of green space; Improve the handling of critical land and damage to coastal areas by involving active participation of society; Increase damage control and environmental rehabilitation.

Program: Green Open Space Management; Forest and Land Rehabilitation; Protection and Conservation of Forest Resources.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Strategy: Optimization the use of geothermal energy, alternative energy, and increased scope in electricity networks in rural areas; Promotion of energy-saving practice.
Policy direction: Increase use of geothermal energy and alternative energy through using simple, effective and environmentally friendly technology; Promote energy saving practice.
Program: Development of Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Waste

Strategy: Increased coverage of water and sanitation services in urban and rural areas.

Policy direction: Improving the quality and capacity of infrastructure facilities and clean water supply systems and community-based sanitations and institutions (SPAM/Water Supply System and Regional Landfill Sites).

Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Waste No indication of challenges found