Nusa Tenggara Barat

Capital CityMataram
Population 2010 (thousand)4,500.20
Provincial GDP 2010 (million Rp)49,632
Area Total 2010 (km2)18,572.32
Total Forest Land Area 2010 (ha)3,887
Emissions Per Capita 2010 (tCO2e/capita)1.51
Emissions Intensity 2010 (tCO2e/million Rp)137.36
West Nusa Tenggara 2020 Emission Target Reduction Achieved
0.64%
Emissions Profile
2020 Projections
Reductions
Mitigation Activities Description
Mitigation Activities: Agriculture and Forestry

Agriculture:
1. SRI (System of Rice Intensification)
2. Development of land management technology without burning
3. Application of precision farming/fertilization as needed
4. Utilization of agricultural waste for energy and organic fertilizer
5. Utilization of organic fertilizer to increase carbon storage in the soil
6. Increased cultivation of low-CH4 emission rice varieties
7. Development of biogas and feed technology to reduce GHG emissions from livestock
8. Optimization of agricultural lands (increasing productivity and cropping index, i.e. Integrated Crop Management (Pengelolaan Tanaman Terpadu), integrating crop livestocks)
9. Expansion of agricultural areas and plantations in unproductive/degraded lands

Forestry:
1. Restore 30% of secondary dry forest and non-forested lands (land of other uses) to primary dry forest
2. Restore 30% of non-forested lands (land of other uses) to secondary dry forest
3. Restore 30% of non-forested lands (land of other uses) to dryland agriculture mix
4. Restore 30% of non-forested lands (land of other uses) to agroforestry
5. Supportive actions: a moratorium on logging, suspension on forest land use permit in natural forest, forest rehabilitation, forest protection, reduction in forest fires, implementation of green West Nusa Tenggara

Mitigation Activities: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Energy:
1. Provision of renewable energy and energy conservation
2. Increased efficiency of energy use in household and industry sectors
3. Substitution of kerosene use with LPG
4. Use of biogas in household
5. Supporting activities: preparing data classification and research potential geothermal reserves for energy source, zoning geothermal mining work, developing policy on geothermal and groundwater regulation, managing renewable energy sources)

Transportation:
1. Traffic Impact Control (TIC)
2. Revitalization of public transport
3. Construction of non-motorized transport (Pedestrian and bicycle lanes)
4. Educational campaigns in schools
5. Parking management
6. Congestion charging and road pricing
7. Eco driving
8. BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) system
9. Converter kit on agency cars
10. Increase down payment for motorcycles and set progressive tax on private vehicles
11. Car free day

Industry:
1. Improved technology process
2. Use of alternative fuel
3. Increased efficiency and quality of production processes

Mitigation Activities: Waste

1. Management of garbage affairs
2. Program to reduce garbage using 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) principle (construction of Integrated Waste Disposal Site (Tempat Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu); socialization on 3Rs principle and garbage separation; construction of waste banks; facilitation and technical guideline on composting; management of domestic waste for mining reclamation efforts, use of dig-and-pile method for composting organic waste)
3. Improvement of waste facilities (rehabilitation of landfill facilities from unmanaged deep to semi-aerobic)
4. Management of garbage gas (recovery of methane gas)
5. Planning for wastewater management (feasibility study for Faecal Sludge Treatment Installation(Instalasi Pengolahan Lumpur Tinja), Wastewater treatment plant(Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah)and Communal Sanitation latrines(MCK Komunal))
6. Construction of residential waste water treatment facilities (construction of latrines, community based sanitation(SANIMAS),Community Based Sanitation Centers with toilets, washing, and laundry facilities(MCK plus), communal wastewater management with off-site system; rehabilitation of Faecal Sludge Treatment Installation; use of sanitary latrines; Community Based Sanitation(Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat))
7. Program for flooding control
8. Management of body of water
9. Public health and environmental empowerment
10. Monitoring and Evaluation

RPJMD Description
RPJMD Period 2013-2018
Supportive Mission Statement in RPJMD Mission 7: To strengthen sustainable environmental management, with target (1) achieved a population that is environmentally-conscious, target (2) availability of data and information regarding environmental area (Lingkungan Hidup Daerah).
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry

Strategy: Extension, intensification, diversification of crops and by-products, non-timber forest products, aquaculture and marine products, livestock.

Policy direction: Intensification of rice plants and other crops; Land extension for dry land and paddy fields.

Program: Assessment and development of reclamation needs and conservation in mining areas.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry Program: Reinforce funding and search for alternative energy sources or for material substitutions that are more environmentally friendly.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Waste No supportive policy direction found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Waste No indication of challenges found