Nusa Tenggara Timur

Capital CityKupang
Population 2010 (thousand)4,683.80
Provincial GDP 2010 (million Rp)27,746
Area Total 2010 (km2)48,718.10
Total Forest Land Area 2010 (ha)37,183
Emissions Per Capita 2010 (tCO2e/capita)1.12
Emissions Intensity 2010 (tCO2e/million Rp)188.51
East Nusa Tenggara Timur 2020 Emission Target Reduction Achieved
Emissions Profile
2020 Projections
Mitigation Activities Description
Mitigation Activities: Agriculture and Forestry

1. Policy Evaluation in agricultural sector
2. Development and rehabilitation of farm area
3. Control use of chemical fertilizers
4. Utilization of organic fertilizer and biomass
5. Development of low-emission rice varieties

1. Policy Evaluation in livestock sector
2. Utilization of livestock waste for biogas
3. Utilization of biogas waste for compost

1. Policy Evaluation oin forestry sector
2. Rehabilitation of forests and critical areas and watershed feed
3. Development of urban forests
4. Development of collective forest resources management

Mitigation Activities: Energy, Transport, and Industry

1. Evaluation of energy sector policies
2. Provision, management and enhancement of renewable energy
3. Use of Energy Efficient Lights (LED)
4. Development of Biogas (based on waste and livestock)

1. Evaluation of transport sector policy
2. Integrated transport planning
3. Rejuvenation of transportation infrastructure
4. Fuel subsidy for public transport
5. Increased emissions tax based on vehicle age
6. Parking Management
7. Construction of pedestrian and bicycle lanes and increased green open spaces
8. Replacement of fossil fuel with alternative fuels
9. Rehabilitation/routine maintenance of roads

1. Evaluation of the industrial sector policy
2. Development of low-carbon technologies
3. Use of technology to reduce carbonate ratio

Mitigation Activities: Waste

1. Policy evaluation in the waste sector
2. Preparation of a master plan for waste water systems
3. Development of waste water infrastructures for local and communal use

RPJMD Description
RPJMD Period 2013-2018
Supportive Mission Statement in RPJMD Mission 5: To accelerate infrastructure development that is based on spatial planning and environmental assessment, with target (1) achieved spatial planning and control use of space that is sustainable and environmentally conscious, target (8) achieved a review of forest estates, target (9) increased protection and safeguard of forest by 50 %, target (10) land rehabilitation, target (11) increased sanitation quality, target (12) achieved climate change mitigation and adaptation efforts, target (13) achieved environmental sustainability, target (15) use of renewable energy, target (16) utilization of natural resources from mining and improvement of the environment due to mining activities.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry

Strategy: Increase diversification; Improving management of potential timber and non-timber products (in a production forest area); Developing a system of effective supervision and control to prevent the expanding destruction of forests; Forest and land rehabilitation; Maintaining the nature;s continuity after mining operations; Improving the quality of coastal ecosystems and small islands in a sustainable and preservative way.

Policy direction: Development of livestock breeding; Prevention of crops disease; Increased protection and security of forest by 50%; Development of Plantation Forests within and outside of forest estates (Land and Forest Rehabilitation, Community Forest, Village Forest, Watershed management and Nurseries); Development of infrastructure and facilities for forest supervision; Increased forest cover and the carrying capacity of watersheds from the beginning to the end of the plan year; Improving supervision and control of mining.

Program: Forest Resources Utilization and Control Development Program; Natural Resources and Environment Recovery and Conservation Protection Program; Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Strategy: Achieved energy utilization from new and renewable sources by developing guidance and control system to encourage the use of new and renewable energy.

Policy direction: Development of power plants based on solar, micro-hydro, biogas, steam, wind, sea water distillation, geothermal biogas.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Waste Policy direction: Develop a system of community-based environmental sanitation management to facilitate the poor.
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Waste No indication of challenges found