Riau

Capital CityPekanbaru
Population 2010 (thousand)5,538.40
Provincial GDP 2010 (million Rp)345,774
Area Total 2010 (km2)87,023.66
Total Forest Land Area 2010 (ha)81,164
Emissions Per Capita 2010 (tCO2e/capita)38.5
Emissions Intensity 2010 (tCO2e/million Rp)616.62
Riau 2020 Emission Target Reduction Achieved
0.07%
Emissions Profile
2020 Projections
Reductions
Mitigation Activities Description
Mitigation Activities: Agriculture and Forestry

Agriculture:
1. Development of plantation areas (for palm oil, rubber, cocoa) in non-forested lands/wastelands/ degraded lands/non-forest estates (Areal Penggunaan Lain)
2. Utilization of livestock waste and agricultural waste for biogas
3. Development of artificial insemination in cattle and other livestock
4. Development of Livestock and Plant Integration System(Sistem Integrasi Ternak dan Tanaman)
5. Increased Farming Index/Improvement in Irigation Network Farming Level(Jaringan Irigas Tingkat Usaha Tani), Micro-hydro System(Tata Air Mikro)and Village Irrigation Network(Jaringan Irigasi Desa)
6. Rejuvenation of rubber plantations and coconut community groves

Forestry and Peatland:
1. Rehabilitation of degraded land area of 1.6 million hectares
2. Rehabilitation of Mangrove Forests
3. Rehabilitation of Forests, maintained rehabilitation of production forests (Hutan Produksi)and protection forests (Hutan Lindung)
4. Rehabilitation of 4 Watersheds
5. Management of peatlands for sustainable agriculture, and to support other sectors, such as plantation, farming, and horticulture sectors
6. Forest Fire control
7. Rehabilitation of forests and critical areas

Mitigation Activities: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Energy:
1. Utilization of renewable energy (biodiesel, bioethanol, energy, water, geothermal, and solar) (Gas-Turbine Power Plant, Hydro Power Plant/Micro-Hydro Power Plant, Solar Power Plant, Geothermal Power Plant, biodiesel)
2. Utilization of organic/biomass waste for fuel
3. Limit energy consumption on household, commercial, and industry sectors

Transportation:
1. Regular maintenance/periodic service on agency vehicles (converter installation kit)
2. Development of facility and infrastructure (rennovation of road infrastructures)
3. Avoid/reduce travel or the need to travel (by increasing online commerce activities, Intelligent Transport System (ITS))
4. Development of mass public transport system (SAUM)(Non-Motorized Transport, Bus Rapid Transit / BRT)
5. Improve the energy efficiency of transportation system (car park management, smart driving, rejuvenation of public transport, traffic impact control (TIC))

Industry:
1. Develop an energy management system in energy intensive industries such as pulp and paper industry, food and beverages
2. Substitute the use of high emitting fuel to lower emitting fuel
3. Substitute fossil fuel use to biomass and biogas
4. Application of heat recovery technology

Mitigation Activities: Waste

1. Reducing garbage from its source (Development of composting system at the Integrated Waste Disposal Sites (Tempat Pembuangan Sampah Terpadu), Improved recycling composting of Community Based Total Sanitation (Sanitasi Total Berbasis Masyarakat), Development of kampung iklim�� (climate villages), 3Rs Principle program, Garbage Bank)
2. Rehabilitation of Landfill (from open dumping to controlled landfill)
3. Migration from pit latrine to septic tank (Community Based Sanitation Centers with toilets, washing, and laundry facilities (MCK SANIMAS), Communal Septic Tank, Expansion of Wastewater treatment plants (Instalasi Pengelolaan Air Limbah))
4. Prohibition of Open Burning

RPJMD Description
RPJMD Period 2014-2019
Supportive Mission Statement in RPJMD

Mission 7: To strengthen development of agriculture and plantations, with the target (1) optimization and diversification of land.

Mission 8: To improve protection and management of environment and tourism.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry

Strategy: Improve environmental protection and management; Improve and maintain irrigation/swamps network, drainage, protect riverbanks and beaches as well as maximize the potential of raw water sources and conserve other water resources.

Policy Direction: Increased forest cover.

Program: Monitoring and Control Program for Activity with Potential Environmental Damage; Agricultural and Farming Technology Improvement Program; Management Program for Pollution and Environmental Damage; Protection and Conservation Program for Forest Resources; Guidance and Control Program for Forest Production Industry; Control Program for Forest Fires; Management Program for green open space; Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Strategy: Develop infrastructure and renewable electrical energy.

Policy direction: Improve the operational advisability of any motorized vehicle.

Program: Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation Development and Training Program.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Waste Program: Development of Waste Management Performance.
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Waste No indication of challenges found