Sulawesi Utara

Capital CityManado
Population 2010 (thousand)2,270.60
Provincial GDP 2010 (million Rp)36,809
Area Total 2010 (km2)13,851.64
Total Forest Land Area 2010 (ha)837
Emissions Per Capita 2010 (tCO2e/capita)1.45
Emissions Intensity 2010 (tCO2e/million Rp)89.73
North Sulawesi 2020 Emission Target Reduction Achieved
0.00%
Emissions Profile
2020 Projections
Reductions
Mitigation Activities Description
Mitigation Activities: Agriculture and Forestry

Agriculture/Livestock Farming/Forestry:
1. Restoration and maintenance of irrigation networks
2. Application of cultivation technology
3. Utilization of organic fertilizers
4. Development of perennial agricultural land as protected area
5. Utilization of livestock waste for biogas and compost
6. Increased land cover (increased plantation forest)
7. Forest planning (people's forests (Hutan Rakyat), state forests(Hutan Negara))
8. Restriction of land as settlement
9. Others: rehabilitation of forest estates affected by eruption damage, construction of green lanes, construction of urban forests, rehabilitation of degraded lands, supporting the implementation of Green Indonesia movement(menuju Indonesia hijau)

Mitigation Activities: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Energy:
1. Socialization on energy savings
2. Efficiency and energy conservation in industry and household sector
3. Utilization of renewable energy and alternative energy instead of fossil fuels
4. Implementation of the use of gas as a substitute for diesel fuel, premium in the industry and transport sector
5. Implementation of gasification at household
6. Solar Panels

Transportation:
1. Smart Driving Training
2. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
3. Rejuvenation public transport
4. Traffic Impact Analysis (Analisis Dampak Lalu Lintas)
5. ATCS (Advanced Train Control System)
6. Exemplary Public Vehicles Crew(Awak Kendaraan Umum Teladan)
7. Students for Road Safety Pioneer(Pelajar Pelopor Keselamatan Jalan)
8. ITS (Intelligent Transportation System) (Modal shift from private vehicles to mass transit (BRT)), rejuvenation of public transport, electronic road pricing, vehicle tax)
9. Parking Management
10. Establish a non-motorized transport

Industry:
1. Inventory of potential industry source of GHG emissions
2. Elimination of ozone depleting substances in industrial refrigeration, foam and fire extinguishers
3. Replacement of fuel to natural gas
4. Study the development of biomass and biogas to fuel small and medium scale industry
5. Replace fuel industry/commercial with biomass and biogas 6. Increase efficiency of all electrical equipment in industrial and commercial sectors

Mitigation Activities: Waste

1. Development of waste management plan
2. Minimizing landfill waste by 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) principle: Development of Integrated Waste Disposal Sites (Tempat Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu), Socialization on 3R principle and garbage separation, Construction of Waste Bank, Facilitation and provision of technical guideline on composting, Improved composting efforts for organic waste in villages
3. Construction of waste infrastructures: rehabilitation of Landfill facilities from unmanaged deep into semi-aerobic landfill, addition in the amount of waste facilities.
4. Management of waste water (development plan for communal sanitation efforts(MCK komunal)and communal wastewater treatment plant(Instalasi Pengelolaan Air Limbah)
5. Construction of residential waste water treatment (Development of Community Based Sanitation Centers with toilets, washing, and laundry facilities(MCK Plus and MCK-SANIMAS), Management of cheap communal waste water with off-site system and communal septic tanks, Rehabilitation of Faecal Sludge Treatment Installation(Instalasi Pengolahan Lumpur Tinja), healthy latrines(Jamban Sehat))
6. Management of bodies of water
7. Empowerment for environmental and public health
8. Monitoring and Evaluation program

RPJMD Description
RPJMD Period 2010-2015
Supportive Mission Statement in RPJMD Mission 13: To manage natural resources in an effective, efficient, sustainable way, and to preserve the environment as well as to execute mitigation and adaptation efforts against the effects of climate change with targets: implementation of mitigation programs for climate change and disasters, increased global active roles to address climate change impacts and disasters, achieved socialization and campaigns on impact of climate change and disaster mitigation to the public.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry

Strategy: Increased Protection and Natural Resources Conservation in forest estates, marine parks and Wallacea coral reef areas; Revitalize land, seedling and breeding efforts, infrastructure and facilities, human resources, financing incentives for farmers, farmers institutions, and technology and downstream industries; Development of plantation cultivation through rehabilitation, intensification, diversification, extension and integration; Control of pests; Improvement of human resources quality of plantation farmers, plantation business actors, improvement of partnerships and increased capital; Protection of forest resources for economic and life safeguard.

Policy direction: Encouraging restoration and revamping of conservation areas to maintain its sustainability and implementing any necessary efforts to designate the areas as conservation hub for the world; Develop efforts to establish new protected areas to expand the scope of nature conservation; Encourage and perform various actions to improve marine protected areas and to protect mangrove in order to prevent any marine disasters and to sustain a conducive environment; Determination of new conservation areas including development of Regional Marine Conservation Areas (KKLD) and Grand Forest Park (TAHURA); Develop protection of forest resources for economic and life safeguard. Program: Forest and Land Rehabilitation Program; Forest Resources Protection and Conservation Program; Forest Area Stabilization Program; Natural Resources Protection and Conservation Program; Agricultural and Farming Technology Improvement Program.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Strategy: Increased management quality of mineral resources in a sustainable way and optimal control and utilization of geothermal energy; Increased public awareness to implement energy conservation and diversification.

Policy direction: Prioritize the development programs with the most minimal negative impacts to the environment and develop measures to prevent the business world to perform damage to the environment; Management of mineral resources and utilization of geothermal energy that is environmentally sound and sustainable; Reduce excessive dependence on oil and gas.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Waste

Strategy: Improved quality of research and development in the fields of mineral, water sanitation, waste water, waste, drainage and land; addition and maintenance of hygiene and sanitation facilities.

Policy direction: Encourage and cooperate with the district / city to expand and maintain the hygiene and sanitation facilities as well as encouraging people to participate in maintaining cleanliness and sanitation facilities.

Program: Development of Waste Management Performance; Development of Wastewater and Drinking Water Management Performance.

Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Waste No indication of challenges found