Sumatera Barat

Capital CityPadang
Population 2010 (thousand)4,846.90
Provincial GDP 2010 (million Rp)87,227
Area Total 2010 (km2)42,012.89
Total Forest Land Area 2010 (ha)7,067
Emissions Per Capita 2010 (tCO2e/capita)4.01
Emissions Intensity 2010 (tCO2e/million Rp)222.91
West Sumatera 2020 Emission Target Reduction Achieved
1.46%
Emissions Profile
2020 Projections
Reductions
Mitigation Activities Description
Mitigation Activities: Agriculture and Forestry

In the strategic plan:
1. Development of People's forests (Hutan Rakyat), Implementation of KMDM program (Kecil Menanam Dewasa Memanen/Plant as a Child, and Harvest as an Adult) and Indonesia Tree Planting Movement(Gerakan Menanam Indonesia)
2. Forest Protection Program
3. Control of forest fires and development of the means for socialization
4. Increased areas for Community Forest(Hutan Kemasyarakatan)and Rural Forest(Hutan Desa)to 500,000 ha by 2020
5. Establishment of Forest Management Units
6. Establishment of forest boundaries

Proposals:
1. Expansion of Local based Natural Resources Management(Perluasan Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam Berbasis Nagari)
2. Development of Green Economy Program(Pengembangan Ekonomi Hijau)
3. Redesign Land Use Planning and Conflict Resolution
4. Forest and Land Rehabilitation in Disaster Mitigation Plan(Rehabilitasi Hutan dan Lahan dalam Mitigasi Bencana)

Mitigation Activities: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Energy:
1. Energy Audit
2. Energy Saving Program
3. Substitution from fossil fuel to new renewable energy such as Combined Cycle Power Plant from Steam Diesel, Geothermal Power Plant, Hydro Power Plant/Micro-Hydro Power Plant, Picohidro and Solar Power Plant

Transport:
1. Smart Driving Initiatives
2. Operasi Langit Biru (Blue Sky Operation�� intended to measure and assess CO2 emission of motorized public transportation vehicles)
3. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
4. Revitalization of Public Transport
5. Intelligent Transport System (ITS)
6. Pedestrian and Bike Lane
7. Parking Management

Mitigation Activities: Waste

1. Waste Management Planning Program
2. Program for Waste Minimization using the principles of the 3Rs (Reuse, Reduce, Recycle) (Development of Integrated Waste Management, Dissemination of 3Rs, Construction of Garbage Bank, composting organic waste with a dig and pile system)
3. Waste Infrastructure Improvement Program (rehabilitation/construction of landfill facilities from unmanaged deep system into semi-aerobic system, application of semi-aerobic landfill system, increased in waste facilities)
4. Wastewater Management Program (master plan for wastewater management, feasibility study and detailed engineering design for Faecal Sludge Treatment Installation (Instalasi Pengolahan Lumpur Tinja), communal toilets, washing, laundry facilities (MCK kommunal), communal wastewater treatment plant (Instalasi Pengelolaan Air Limbah komunal), socialization and preparation of Standard Operating Procedures)
5. Waste Water Treatment Infrastructure Development Program in Settlements (Development of upgraded toilets, washing, laundry facilities(MCK Plus), Community Based Sanitation Centers with toilets, washing, and laundry facilities(MCK SANIMAS), management of communal waste water with offsite system, development of communcal septic tank, rehabilitation of Faecal Sludge Treatment Installation and clean latrines)
6. Flood Control Program
7. Public Health Empowerment Program

RPJMD Description
RPJMD Period 2010-2015
Supportive Mission Statement in RPJMD Mission 5: To achieve sustainable and green development, by conducting sustainable natural resource management, with target (4) increased public awareness in environmental conservation, target (5) increased conservation, rehabilitation, and restoration efforts in various ecosystems, and target (6) decreased number of illegal logging.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry Policy direction: Enhance the application of technology in the fields of agriculture, plantation, animal husbandry, and fishery; Manage conservation efforts of rivers, lakes and other water sources; Implement education and socialization of environmental preservation; Expand conservation of natural resources; Control pollution and destruction of the environment; Manage and rehabilitate coastal and marine ecosystems; Protect forests from illegal logging.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No supportive policy direction found
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Waste Policy direction: Increased facilities for clean water and sanitation; Improved quality of urban environment through the provision of adequate and integrated infrastructure, basic facilities and public utilities (water, sewage, garbage and drainage) in settlements.
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Waste No indication of challenges found