Sumatera Selatan

Capital CityPalembang
Population 2010 (thousand)7,450.40
Provincial GDP 2010 (million Rp)157,735
Area Total 2010 (km2)91,592.43
Total Forest Land Area 2010 (ha)25,779
Emissions Per Capita 2010 (tCO2e/capita)8.37
Emissions Intensity 2010 (tCO2e/million Rp)395.36
South Sumatera 2020 Emission Target Reduction Achieved
0.00%
Emissions Profile
2020 Projections
Reductions
Mitigation Activities Description
Mitigation Activities: Agriculture and Forestry

Agriculture:
1. Rice Cultivation Subsector
- Improvement and optimization of irrigation systems
- Implementation of System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
- Cultivation of low-emission rice varieties
- Cultivation of organic rice
- Development of location-specific fertilization
- Socialization and education
2. Livestock subsector
- Utilization of low-emission livestock feed
- Utilization of manure as a source for biogas
- Selection of cows genetic variety with high productivity
- Socialization and education

Forestry and Peatland:
1. Upgrading, rehabilitation, operation, and maintenance of wetlands networks
2. Peatland management for sustainable agriculture
3. Development of farm management in abandoned and degraded peatlands to support the sub sectors of plantation, farming and horticulture
4. Forest Protection and Forest Resources Conservation Program
5. Rehabilitation of forests and peatlands
6. Development of Self-Sufficiency Villages and of the Lumbung Desa Program, a local-based food security program (and Community Forest Planting Activity) 7. Utilization of forest resources (Forest management units, Community Forests) 8. Development of plantation products (local plantation crops, palm oil community plantation, diversification of coffee, cocoa/pepper)

Mitigation Activities: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Energy:
1. Dissemination of energy saving activities
2. Energy audit in government buildings
3. Development of fuel potential and capacity
4. Socialization of the benefits of energy conversion to gas and LPG
5. Evaluation of renewable energy power plants (Solar Power Plant and Micro-Hydro Power Plant)
6. Installation of Solar Power Plant, Geothermal Power Plant, and Micro-Hydro Power Plant

Transportation:
1. Park and Ride
2. Development of infrastructure for pedestrians and bicycle lanes
3. Development of Intermodal Transport
4. Development of BRT Network (Bus Rapid Transit)
5. ITS (Intelligent Transportation System)
6. Clean Air Transport
7. Converter kit for Gasoline
8. Modal shift to public transport
9. Improved intermodal transport
10. Report routine emissions
11. Capacity Building

Industry:
1. Substitution of biomass as an alternative fuel

Mitigation Activities: Waste

1. Waste management (solid waste master plan, feasibility studies of landfill, Integrated Waste Disposal Site using 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) Principle)
2. Establishment of Bank of garbage
3. Composting of organic waste
4. Program Kampung Indonesia Climate and Go Green
5. Increased waste facility (landfill rehabilitation, semi-aerobic landfill)
6. Garbage gas management
7. Waste water management (Communal Septic Tank, Community Based Sanitation Centers with toilets, washing, and laundry facilities (MCK-SANIMAS))
8. Construction of residential waste water treatment facilities
9. Management of water bodies
10. Environmental and public health empowerment program
11. Management of industrial waste

RPJMD Description
RPJMD Period 2013-2018
Supportive Mission Statement in RPJMD Mission 4: To improve sustainable environmental management and disaster mitigation, with target (5) controlled forest estates, target (6) increased carrying capacity of Musi watershed and integrated watershed management, target (7) reduced carbon emissions and increased environmental services in the forestry sector, and target (9) controlled rate of increase of GHG emissions in South Sumatra.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry

Policy Direction: Optimized development in vacant land, abandoned land, peatland, and tidal areas for agricultural production; Development of nurseries and plant cultivation centers; Expansion and improvement of access to agricultural financing and warrant for farmers and fishermen in the face of increasing crop failure risk due to climate change and natural disasters; Optimized mining area management; Optimized control and monitoring efforts in implementing cooperation and management of forest; Optimized control and management of forest damage; Improved infrastructure and facilities for forest management; Optimized forest management units; Achieved cooperation and partnership to prevent and mitigate environmental damage; Optimized of control and monitoring efforts in implementing cooperation and partnership to prevent and mitigate environmental damage; Improved prevention of illegal logging, illegal mining and environmental destruction; Improved legal sanctions for the perpetrators of illegal logging, illegal mining and environmental destruction; Improved civil servants‰Ûª understanding of low-carbon development and climate change adaptation and mitigation; Application of strategies from environmental assessment into all policies; Implementation of adaptation and mitigation to climate change efforts in all policies.

Program: Environmental Control and Monitoring Program; Critical Land and Productive Plants Rehabilitation Program; Conservation and Forest Protection Program of Squatters�� farmers; Agricultural Technology Improvement Program (Organic Farming).

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry Policy Direction: Develop an integrated intermodal mass transit; Develop alternative renewable energy sources; Develop an awareness for energy saving.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Waste No supportive policy direction found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Waste No indication of challenges found