Sumatera Utara

Capital CityMedan
Population 2010 (thousand)12,982.20
Provincial GDP 2010 (million Rp)275,057
Area Total 2010 (km2)72,981.23
Total Forest Land Area 2010 (ha)10,331
Emissions Per Capita 2010 (tCO2e/capita)20.03
Emissions Intensity 2010 (tCO2e/million Rp)945.3
North Sumatera 2020 Emission Target Reduction Achieved
1.29%
Emissions Profile
2020 Projections
Reductions
Mitigation Activities Description
Mitigation Activities: Agriculture and Forestry

Agriculture:
1. Composting program using the BUNKER system, which utilizes liquid waste (Palm Oil Mill Effluent) and empty stem of palm oil (Tandan Kosong Sawit), with anaerobic fixed bed reactor(Reaktor Anaerob Unggun Tetap)
2. System of Rice Intensification (SRI)
3. Integration of action plan into the educational curriculum

Forestry:
1. Establishment of forest estates (establishment of forest management units)
2. Rehabilitation of mangrove
3. Development of forest and forest plantation ventures
4. Forest protection and forest fire control
5. Utilization of agricultural land
6. Planting trees (rehabilitation) to secondary forest

Mitigation Activities: Energy, Transport, and Industry

Energy:
1. Increased energy use efficiency in home and industrial appliances
2. Provision and management of new renewable energy and conservation of energy (Hydro Power Plant/Micro-Hydro Power Plant, Steam-Biomass Power Plant, Steam-Coal Power Plant, Geothermal Power Plant, Solar Power Plant), Initiation of Energy Independent Villages (Desa Mandiri Energy), Green buildings
3. Utilization of biogas for household
4. Integration of Action Plan into education curriculums that could indirectly reduce GHG emissions through increased capacity

Transportation:
1. Development of ITS (Intelligent Transport System)
2. Application of Traffic Impact Control (TIC) 3. Parking Management
4. Reformed Transit System (BRT/Semi BRT) Bus Rapid Transit
5. Rejuvenation of public transportation
6. Installation of converter kits on public transportation, cars and government official cars
7. Training of Smart Eco Driving
8. Development of Non-Motorized Transports
9. Development of Trains on Urban Terrain (Medan), construction of double railway tracts in Kuala Namu Airport
11. Development of Transport Bus to Kuala Namu Airport.
12. Car Free Day
14. School bus for college students
15. Planting Tamarind trees on roadside
16. Increase use of non-emitter fuel
17. Integration of action Plan into educational curriculums

Industry
1. Develop an energy management system in energy-intensive industry
2. Elimination of ozone depleting substances
3. Replacement of fuel with natural gas.
4. Substitution of fuel for industrial/commercial to biomass and biogas
5. Increase efficiency of all electrical equipments in industrial and commercial sectors.
6. Use of heat waste generated from cooling equipment systems for water heating for commercial buildings such as hotels and hospitals
7. Use of heat recovery technology in energy conversion devices such as the combustion chamber of boilers
8. Centralized industrial locations
9. Greening location of industrial, commercial and residential buildings

Mitigation Activities: Waste

1. Waste Infrastructure Improvement Program (rehabilitation of landfill system from un-managed deep into semi-aerobic)
2. Program to reduce garbage from its source as much as possible, reusing it and recycling it (3Rs Principle) before transported to landfill (Establishment of Waste Bank, Integrated Waste Disposal Sites (Tempat Pengelolaan Sampah Terpadu))
3. Garbage Gas Improvement Program (application of energy recovery system, methane combustion/flaring)
4. Development of infrastructure for Waste Water Treatment in settlements, (off-site system, on-site system and migration of existing systems from pitlatrine into a septic system/septic tank/Community Based Sanitation(SANIMAS)
5. Non-Technical program (development of regional information systems through socialization and education curriculum)
6. Flood Control Program (Faecal Sludge Treatment Installation(Instalasi Pengolahan Lumpur Tinja))
7. Waste Management Planning
8. Wastewater treatment plants(Instalasi Pengelolaan Air Limbah)
9. Management of Water bodies
10. Environmental and Public Health Program

RPJMD Description
RPJMD Period 2009-2013
Supportive Mission Statement in RPJMD Mission 2: To realize a population that is sovereign, prosperous, and environmentally-conscious.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry

Strategy: Development of community economy based on the environment and increased appeal for local climate investment through regional economic growth and equitable distribution of development products.

Policy Direction: Development policy for community agriculture, fishery, plantation, farming and small to medium ventures that are competitive, by engaging in agricultural affairs, namely development of agropolitan areas in highlands, by engaging in food crops affairs, namely facilitation of basic and strategic food crops, self-sustenance of rice demand, and intensification and extension of horticultural products besides rice.

Program: Improvement in food supply, along with policy in intensification, extension and diversification of staple food crops with primary target to achieved self-sustenance in rice production of North Sumatra; Forest Protection and Conservation; Maximizing the mangrove reforestation in Coastal Areas of West Coast and East Coast of North Sumatra; Environmental and sustainable development efforts; Forest and Land Rehabilitation; Control over forest conversion by illegal encroachment (illegal logging); Protection of ecological functions of forests; Protection of forest reserves and protected areas; Strict policy towards the exploration of forest products; Implement strict law against illegal logging.

Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry Program: Management of renewable energy (hydro, micro-hydro, geothermal, solar and biomass) to the maximum.
Supportive Policy Direction in RPJMD: Waste No supportive policy direction found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Agriculture and Forestry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Energy, Transport, and Industry No indication of challenges found
Indication of Challenges in RPJMD: Waste No indication of challenges found